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Is Sao Tome and Principe Safe?

Sao Tome and Principe is generally safe for travelers, with low crime rates. However, be cautious of petty theft and remain vigilant in crowded areas. The country has a stable political climate with no recent civil unrest or terrorism threats. Regarding health, ensure routine vaccinations are up-to-date and consider preventive measures against insect-borne diseases. Natural disasters pose minimal risk, but heavy rainfall can lead to flooding during the rainy season.

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Safety & Security

Sao Tome and Principe is generally considered a safe travel destination, with low levels of crime and civil unrest. However, it's still important to exercise caution and take necessary precautions.

  • Petty Crime: While violent crime is rare, petty crimes such as pickpocketing and bag snatching can occur, especially in crowded areas and tourist hotspots. Remain vigilant and keep valuables secure.

  • Scams: Be wary of common scams targeting tourists, such as overcharging for goods or services, or individuals offering unsolicited help or tours.

  • Civil Unrest: Political demonstrations and strikes can occur, though they are typically peaceful. Avoid large gatherings and monitor local news for updates.

  • Terrorism: The risk of terrorism is low, but travelers should remain vigilant and follow the advice of local authorities.

  • Disputes: Disputes between locals and tourists are uncommon, but it's advisable to respect local customs and avoid confrontations.

  • Robbery: While rare, there have been isolated incidents of armed robbery, particularly in remote areas. Avoid carrying large amounts of cash or valuables.

Overall, Sao Tome and Principe is a relatively safe destination, but travelers should exercise common sense and take standard safety precautions to ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip.

Health & Medical

Travelers to Sao Tome and Principe should be aware of potential health risks and take necessary precautions. While the country has a relatively low risk of infectious diseases, some health concerns exist.

  • Insect-Borne Diseases: Malaria and dengue fever are present in Sao Tome and Principe. Travelers should use insect repellent, wear long sleeves and pants, and consider antimalarial medication.

  • Water and Food-Borne Illnesses: Traveler's diarrhea and other gastrointestinal issues can occur due to contaminated food or water. Drink bottled water and avoid undercooked or raw foods.

  • Vaccinations: Routine vaccinations like measles, mumps, rubella, and COVID-19 are recommended. Hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines may also be advised depending on travel plans.

  • Medical Facilities: Healthcare facilities in Sao Tome and Principe are limited, especially outside the capital. Travelers should have comprehensive travel insurance and may need to be evacuated for serious medical issues.

  • Air Pollution: Air quality in urban areas can be poor due to vehicle emissions and burning of solid fuels. Those with respiratory conditions should take precautions.

Consulting a travel health professional before the trip is advisable to ensure proper preparation and preventive measures.

Natural Disasters

Sao Tome and Principe is a relatively safe destination when it comes to natural disasters. However, travelers should be aware of the following potential risks:

  • Tropical Cyclones: The islands are located in the tropical cyclone belt and can be affected by hurricanes and tropical storms, especially during the rainy season from October to May. These storms can bring heavy rainfall, strong winds, and potential flooding.

  • Volcanic Activity: Sao Tome and Principe has several dormant and extinct volcanoes. While the risk of a volcanic eruption is low, seismic activity and landslides are possible.

  • Flooding: Heavy rainfall during the rainy season can lead to flash floods, particularly in low-lying areas and near rivers or streams.

  • Landslides: The islands' mountainous terrain and heavy rainfall increase the risk of landslides, which can disrupt transportation and damage infrastructure.

  • Earthquakes: Although not a major seismic hotspot, the islands can experience occasional earthquakes due to their location along tectonic plate boundaries.

It's advisable to monitor weather forecasts, follow local advisories, and take necessary precautions during the rainy season or in case of any natural hazard warnings. Travelers should also ensure they have appropriate travel insurance coverage.


Transportation in Sao Tome and Principe can be challenging for travelers. While the main roads connecting major towns are generally in decent condition, rural roads are often poorly maintained and can become impassable during the rainy season.

  • Public Transportation is limited, with shared taxis and minibuses being the primary means of getting around. These can be overcrowded and may not adhere to strict safety standards.

  • Rental Cars are available, but the road conditions and driving habits of locals can make self-driving a risky proposition for inexperienced drivers.

  • Road Safety is a concern, with a high rate of traffic accidents due to factors such as poor road conditions, lack of proper signage, and reckless driving.

It's advisable for travelers to exercise caution when using any mode of transportation and to consider hiring a reliable local driver for longer journeys or travel to remote areas.

Cultural Norms

Sao Tome and Principe is a culturally diverse nation with a blend of African, Portuguese, and Creole influences. As a traveler, it's essential to respect local customs and traditions. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Greetings: Greetings are essential in Sao Tomean culture. Shake hands and exchange pleasantries when meeting someone, even in casual encounters.

  • Dress Code: Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites or rural areas. Avoid revealing clothing that may be considered disrespectful.

  • Festivals and Events: Participate in local festivals and events, such as the Carnival celebrations and the Feast of São Tomé, to immerse yourself in the vibrant culture.

  • Photography: Be respectful when taking photographs. Always ask for permission before photographing individuals, especially in rural areas or during religious ceremonies.

  • Language: While Portuguese is the official language, many locals also speak Creole dialects. Learning a few basic phrases in Portuguese or Creole can go a long way in showing respect and appreciation for the local culture.

  • Hospitality: Sao Tomeans are known for their warm hospitality. Reciprocate by being gracious and respectful towards your hosts and locals you interact with.

  • Haggling: In local markets, haggling is expected and considered part of the cultural experience. However, be respectful and avoid excessive bargaining.

Emergency Services

Emergency services in Sao Tome and Principe are limited, especially outside the capital city of Sao Tome. While basic medical facilities are available in Sao Tome, they often lack adequate resources and supplies. Travelers are advised to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical evacuation, as serious cases may require evacuation to Portugal or other countries with better healthcare facilities.

  • Medical Facilities: The main hospital, Hospital Ayres de Menezes, is located in Sao Tome and provides basic medical care. However, it has limited resources and may not be able to handle complex medical emergencies.
  • Ambulance Services: Ambulance services are available in Sao Tome but can be unreliable and slow to respond, especially in remote areas.
  • Police and Fire Services: Police and fire services are present in Sao Tome but may have limited resources and response capabilities, particularly outside the capital.
  • Tourist Assistance: There are no dedicated tourist assistance services or hotlines available in Sao Tome and Principe.

Travelers are advised to exercise caution, carry a well-stocked first-aid kit, and have a contingency plan in case of emergencies. It is also recommended to seek guidance from your embassy or consulate in case of serious emergencies.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Is Sao Tome and Principe safe for tourists?

Sao Tome and Principe is generally safe for tourists. However, petty crimes like bag snatching and pickpocketing occur, so remain vigilant in crowded areas. Avoid walking alone at night and don't carry valuables. The country has a low risk of violent crime against tourists.

Is Sao Tome and Principe safe for solo female travelers?

Solo female travelers can visit Sao Tome and Principe with reasonable precautions. Dress modestly, especially in rural areas, and avoid walking alone at night. Exercise caution when interacting with strangers and be aware of your surroundings.

Is Sao Tome and Principe safe for families?

Sao Tome and Principe is a family-friendly destination. The locals are welcoming to children, and the beaches and natural attractions are great for families. However, medical facilities are limited, so pack necessary medications and take precautions against mosquito-borne diseases.

Is Sao Tome and Principe LGBTQ+ friendly?

Same-sex relationships are legal in Sao Tome and Principe, but the LGBTQ+ community faces social stigma. Public displays of affection may attract unwanted attention. Same-sex marriage is not recognized, and discrimination protections are limited.

Do you need a visa to go to Sao Tome and Principe?

Visitors from most countries can obtain a visa on arrival in Sao Tome and Principe for stays up to 15 days. However, it's advisable to check the specific requirements for your nationality and travel purpose before your trip. A valid passport is mandatory.

Can you drink tap water in Sao Tome and Principe?

Tap water is not safe to drink in Sao Tome and Principe due to potential contamination. Stick to bottled or purified water, and avoid ice cubes made from tap water. Boiling water is an effective purification method.

What is the currency in Sao Tome and Principe?

The official currency of Sao Tome and Principe is the Dobra (STD). However, the Euro (EUR) is widely accepted, especially in tourist areas. Credit cards are accepted at major hotels and restaurants, but cash is preferred for smaller transactions.

Sao Tome and Principe Travel Advisory

The following government travel advisories provide additional helpful resources for your destination to stay safe and informed.

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