photography of inside black structure
aerial photography of city
Colosseum arena photography

Is Rome in Italy Safe?

Rome is generally safe for tourists, but petty crimes like pickpocketing and bag snatching are common, especially in crowded areas and on public transportation. While violent crime is rare, be vigilant in certain neighborhoods like Termini and Esquilino. Political protests occasionally occur but rarely affect tourists. Terrorism remains a risk, though major attacks are infrequent. Exercise caution and monitor local news for any developing situations.

Download Vigilios

Your Pocket-Sized Travel Safety Guide

A phone displaying the Vigilios app and it's safety features.
App Store

Safety & Security

Rome is generally a safe destination for travelers, but like any major city, it's important to exercise caution and be aware of potential risks. Here are some key points regarding safety in Rome:

  • Petty Crime: Pickpocketing and bag snatching are common, especially in crowded areas like public transportation, tourist hotspots, and markets. Be vigilant and keep valuables secure.

  • Scams: Be wary of common scams such as fake petitions, street vendors selling overpriced goods, and unauthorized taxi drivers. Avoid engaging with overly friendly strangers offering unsolicited help or services.

  • Civil Unrest: While rare, protests and demonstrations can occur, sometimes leading to clashes with authorities. Monitor local news and avoid areas with large gatherings.

  • Terrorism: Although the risk is low, Rome has been a target in the past. Remain vigilant, especially in crowded public areas and tourist attractions.

  • Disputes: Disputes or confrontations with locals, while uncommon, can occur due to cultural differences or misunderstandings. Remain respectful and avoid escalating situations.

  • Nightlife Safety: Exercise caution in nightlife areas, especially when consuming alcohol. Avoid isolated areas and use licensed taxis or ride-sharing services for transportation.

  • Road Safety: Traffic in Rome can be chaotic, and drivers may be aggressive. Use caution when crossing streets and obey traffic signals.

It's advisable to register with your embassy or consulate, obtain comprehensive travel insurance, and familiarize yourself with emergency contacts and procedures. Exercising common sense and being aware of your surroundings can help ensure a safe and enjoyable trip to Rome.

Health & Medical

Rome is generally a safe destination for travelers in terms of health risks, but there are a few considerations to keep in mind. Air pollution can be a concern, especially during the warmer months and in areas with heavy traffic. Travelers with respiratory issues may want to take precautions. Insect-borne diseases like Zika and malaria are not prevalent, but using insect repellent is still advisable during summer.

  • Vaccinations: Routine vaccines like measles, chickenpox, and COVID-19 are recommended before travel. No additional vaccines are required for most travelers.

  • Medical Facilities: Rome has excellent medical facilities, including English-speaking staff at major hospitals. However, medical costs can be high for uninsured travelers.

  • Common Illnesses: Traveler's diarrhea is a risk, especially if consuming untreated water or undercooked food. Pack over-the-counter medications for digestive issues.

  • Water and Food Safety: Tap water is generally safe to drink, but bottled water is widely available. Avoid unpasteurized dairy products and undercooked meat or seafood to prevent foodborne illnesses.

Overall, with some basic precautions, most travelers can enjoy their time in Rome without significant health concerns. Consulting a travel health professional before your trip is advisable, especially for those with pre-existing conditions.

Natural Disasters

Rome, located in central Italy, is generally not at high risk for natural disasters. However, travelers should be aware of the following potential hazards:

  • Earthquakes: Italy lies in a seismically active region, and earthquakes can occur, although major quakes are relatively infrequent in Rome itself. Travelers should familiarize themselves with safety procedures in case of an earthquake.

  • Flooding: Heavy rainfall can sometimes lead to localized flooding in parts of Rome, particularly in low-lying areas near the Tiber River. Travelers should monitor weather conditions and avoid flooded areas.

  • Extreme Weather: While rare, severe thunderstorms, heatwaves, and winter storms can occur in Rome. Travelers should check weather forecasts and take appropriate precautions, such as staying hydrated during heatwaves and dressing warmly during cold snaps.

  • Volcanic Activity: Rome is located relatively far from active volcanoes in Italy, so the risk of volcanic eruptions affecting the city is minimal.

Overall, the risk of natural disasters in Rome is relatively low compared to many other destinations. However, it's always advisable for travelers to stay informed about weather conditions, follow local advisories, and have a contingency plan in case of unexpected events.


Rome boasts an extensive and efficient public transportation system, making it relatively easy and safe for travelers to navigate the city. The metro, buses, and trams are generally reliable and well-connected, providing access to most major attractions and neighborhoods. However, as with any large city, it's advisable to exercise caution, especially on crowded routes, to avoid pickpockets and petty theft.

  • Metro: The metro system is modern, clean, and efficient, with three main lines covering most central areas. It's a safe and convenient option for getting around, but be mindful of your belongings in crowded cars.

  • Buses and Trams: Rome's bus and tram network is extensive, offering an affordable way to explore the city. However, these modes of transportation can be more susceptible to pickpockets and petty crime, so remain vigilant and keep your valuables secure.

  • Taxis: While taxis are readily available, it's essential to use licensed cabs or pre-book through reputable companies to avoid scams or overcharging. Ensure the meter is running and agree on the fare before starting your journey.

  • Walking and Cycling: Many of Rome's attractions are within walking distance, making it a pedestrian-friendly city. However, be cautious when crossing streets, as traffic can be chaotic. Cycling is also an option, but exercise caution on busy roads and be mindful of local traffic laws.

  • Road Safety: Rome's narrow streets and aggressive driving style can make navigating by car or motorcycle challenging for visitors. If renting a vehicle, familiarize yourself with local traffic rules and drive defensively.

Cultural Norms

Rome is a city steeped in history and culture, and respecting local customs and traditions is essential for travelers. Here are some important tips:

  • Dress Code: While casual attire is generally acceptable, revealing clothing should be avoided when visiting religious sites like the Vatican and churches. Shoulders and knees should be covered.

  • Religious Holidays: Major Catholic holidays like Easter and Christmas are widely celebrated, and some attractions may have limited hours or be closed. Plan accordingly.

  • Eating Etiquette: Italians take their food seriously. Avoid adding salt or pepper to dishes before tasting, and don't cut pasta with a knife and fork.

  • Tipping: Tipping is not expected in Italy, as service charges are typically included in the bill. However, leaving a small tip for exceptional service is appreciated.

  • Public Behavior: Italians value decorum in public spaces. Avoid loud or boisterous behavior, especially in quiet neighborhoods or near churches.

  • Gestures: Be mindful of hand gestures, as some may be considered offensive or rude in Italian culture.

  • Art and Architecture: Rome's art and architecture are integral to its cultural heritage. Treat these sites with respect and follow any rules or guidelines provided.

Emergency Services

Rome has a well-established emergency services infrastructure to assist travelers in case of emergencies. The city's emergency medical services are reliable and equipped to handle various situations. Ambulances are readily available and can be summoned through the national emergency number.

  • Reliable Emergency Medical Services: Rome's emergency medical services are efficient and can be accessed by calling the national emergency number. Ambulances are well-equipped and staffed with trained personnel.

  • Tourist Police Units: The city has dedicated tourist police units that are specifically trained to assist travelers. They can provide assistance with emergencies, lost documents, and other travel-related issues.

  • Multilingual Support: Many emergency services in Rome offer multilingual support, making it easier for foreign travelers to communicate their needs effectively.

  • Consular Assistance: Travelers can also seek assistance from their respective embassies or consulates in case of emergencies or legal issues.

It's advisable for travelers to familiarize themselves with the emergency services available in Rome and keep important contact information handy for their safety and peace of mind during their visit.

Frequently Asked Questions

A colorful illustration with three people and the letters "FAQ" representing a Frequently Asked Questions section

Is Rome safe for tourists?

Rome is generally safe for tourists, but be cautious of petty crimes like pickpocketing and bag snatching, especially in crowded areas. Avoid isolated areas at night and keep valuables secure. Follow common-sense precautions and you'll likely have a trouble-free visit.

Is Rome safe for solo female travelers?

Rome is relatively safe for solo female travelers, but it's advisable to exercise caution, especially at night. Avoid isolated areas, dress modestly, and be aware of your surroundings. Using trusted transportation services is recommended.

Is Rome safe for families?

Rome is a family-friendly destination with many attractions suitable for children. Be mindful of pickpockets in crowded areas and take precautions to ensure your children's safety. Many restaurants accommodate families, and public transportation is convenient.

Is Rome LGBTQ+ friendly?

Italy is generally LGBTQ+-friendly, with same-sex marriage legal since 2016. However, public displays of affection may draw unwanted attention in some areas. Rome has a vibrant LGBTQ+ community and nightlife scene.

Do you need a visa to go to Rome?

Citizens of most Western countries, including the United States, Canada, and the European Union, do not need a visa for tourist stays up to 90 days. However, a valid passport is required for all visitors.

Can you drink tap water in Rome?

The tap water in Rome is generally safe to drink, but some visitors may prefer bottled water due to the mineral content. Avoid drinking from public fountains, as the water quality is not guaranteed.

What is the currency in Rome?

The official currency in Rome and throughout Italy is the Euro (€). Major credit cards are widely accepted, but it's advisable to carry some cash for smaller purchases.

Related Content

Download the App

Map, Insights & Support - Vigilios is your Personal Safety Companion

A phone displaying the Vigilios app and it's safety features.
App Store QR LinkApp Store
Google Play QR Link
Coming soon to Android
Google Play