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Is Tbilisi Safe?

Tbilisi is generally safe for tourists, with petty crime like pickpocketing being the primary concern. However, political tensions occasionally flare up, leading to civil unrest. Travelers should avoid protests and remain vigilant in crowded areas. While violent crime is rare, disputes can escalate quickly. Hiring an experienced guide is advisable for navigating the city's complexities and potential risks.

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Safety & Security

Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is generally considered safe for travelers. However, it's essential to exercise caution and be aware of potential risks.

  • Petty Crime: While violent crime is relatively low, petty crimes like pickpocketing and bag snatching can occur, especially in crowded areas and on public transportation. Remain vigilant and keep valuables secure.

  • Scams: Be wary of common scams, such as taxi overcharging, fake police officers, and overpriced services. Use licensed taxis or ride-sharing apps and negotiate prices beforehand.

  • Civil Unrest: Tbilisi has experienced occasional political demonstrations and protests. Avoid large gatherings, monitor local news, and follow the advice of local authorities.

  • Disputes: Disputes and confrontations, particularly involving alcohol, can escalate quickly. Maintain a low profile, and avoid engaging in arguments or confrontations.

  • Terrorism: While the risk of terrorism is low, it cannot be ruled out entirely. Remain vigilant, especially in crowded areas and tourist hotspots.

  • Robbery: While not common, robberies can occur, especially in isolated areas or at night. Avoid carrying large amounts of cash or valuables, and be cautious when withdrawing money from ATMs.

By exercising common sense, being aware of your surroundings, and following local advice, travelers can minimize risks and enjoy a safe and memorable visit to Tbilisi.

Health & Medical

Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is generally a safe destination for travelers in terms of health risks. However, it's essential to take some precautions and be aware of potential health concerns.

  • Vaccinations: Ensure you are up-to-date with routine vaccinations, such as measles, mumps, rubella, and COVID-19. No additional vaccinations are typically required for travel to Tbilisi.

  • Air Pollution: Tbilisi can experience high levels of air pollution, particularly during the winter months. Those with respiratory conditions should take necessary precautions and consider carrying appropriate medication.

  • Water Quality: It's advisable to drink bottled or purified water to avoid potential waterborne illnesses.

  • Medical Facilities: Tbilisi has several private clinics and hospitals that provide adequate medical care. However, the quality of care may vary, and language barriers can be an issue. Travelers are recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance.

  • Insect-Borne Diseases: While not a major concern in Tbilisi, it's still wise to take precautions against insect bites by using insect repellent, especially during the warmer months.

  • Food Safety: Exercise caution when consuming street food or undercooked meat and seafood to prevent foodborne illnesses.

Overall, Tbilisi is a relatively safe destination for travelers in terms of health risks, but it's always advisable to take necessary precautions and stay informed about any potential health advisories during your visit.

Natural Disasters

Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is situated in a region with a relatively low risk of natural disasters. However, travelers should be aware of the following potential hazards:

  • Earthquakes: Georgia lies in a seismically active zone, and Tbilisi has experienced moderate earthquakes in the past. While the risk is not exceptionally high, it's advisable to familiarize yourself with safety procedures in case of an earthquake.

  • Flooding: Heavy rainfall can occasionally lead to localized flooding in some areas of Tbilisi, particularly during the spring and autumn months. Avoid low-lying areas and stay updated on weather advisories.

  • Landslides: Hilly regions surrounding Tbilisi may be susceptible to landslides after heavy rains or seismic activity. Exercise caution when hiking or traveling in mountainous areas.

  • Severe Weather: Tbilisi experiences hot summers and cold winters, with occasional thunderstorms and snowstorms. Monitor weather forecasts and take appropriate precautions during extreme conditions.

While natural disasters are not a major concern in Tbilisi, it's always wise to stay informed about potential risks and follow the advice of local authorities in case of any emergencies. Travelers should also consider purchasing comprehensive travel insurance that covers natural disasters.


Public transportation in Tbilisi is generally considered safe and reliable, though some precautions are advisable. The metro system is efficient and well-maintained, while buses and marshrutkas (minibuses) provide extensive coverage across the city. However, these can get overcrowded during rush hours.

  • Road Safety: Exercise caution when crossing streets, as drivers may not always yield to pedestrians. Sidewalks can be uneven or obstructed in some areas.
  • Taxis: Use licensed taxis or ride-sharing apps like Bolt or Yandex to avoid potential scams. Agree on the fare before starting the journey.
  • Night Travel: Metro and bus services operate on a reduced schedule after midnight. Consider taking a licensed taxi for late-night travel.
  • Traffic Congestion: Tbilisi experiences heavy traffic during peak hours, which can cause delays in public transportation schedules.
  • Language Barrier: While English is not widely spoken, most public transportation signage includes English translations, making navigation easier for foreign travelers.

Cultural Norms

Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is a city rich in culture and traditions. As a traveler, it's essential to respect the local customs and practices to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience. Here are some essential tips:

  • Dress Code: While Georgia is a secular country, it's advisable to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Avoid revealing clothing and cover your shoulders and knees.

  • Religious Customs: Georgia has a predominantly Orthodox Christian population. When visiting churches or monasteries, remove your hat, avoid loud noises, and refrain from taking photographs during services.

  • Hospitality: Georgians are known for their warm hospitality. It's customary to accept food and drink offerings, even if you don't plan to consume them. Declining politely is acceptable, but avoid offending your hosts.

  • Toasting: Toasting is an integral part of Georgian culture, especially during traditional supra (feast) gatherings. Be prepared to participate in this ritual and offer a toast when prompted.

  • Gestures: Avoid gesturing with your feet or pointing with your index finger, as these are considered rude in Georgian culture.

  • Festivals and Events: Tbilisi hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, such as the Tbilisi International Festival of Theatre and the Tbilisoba (Tbilisi Day) celebrations. Respectfully observe and participate in these events to immerse yourself in the local culture.

By respecting the local customs and traditions, you'll not only have a more enriching experience but also foster a positive relationship with the Georgian people.

Emergency Services

Emergency services in Tbilisi are generally reliable, but may have limitations compared to Western standards. The availability and quality can vary depending on the location within the city. While emergency responders are typically well-trained, language barriers and outdated equipment can pose challenges.

  • Ambulance Services: Ambulances are available through the national emergency number, but response times may be slower in remote areas or during peak hours. Private ambulance services offer an alternative with faster response times.

  • Fire Department: The fire department is reasonably well-equipped, but resources can be strained during major incidents. Response times may be longer in outlying areas.

  • Police: The police force is present throughout the city, but corruption and language barriers can be issues. Tourist police units are available in some areas to assist visitors.

  • Medical Facilities: Public hospitals can be overcrowded and lack modern equipment, while private clinics offer better facilities but at a higher cost. Travelers may want to consider medical evacuation insurance.

  • Tourist Assistance: Tourist information centers and some hotels offer assistance in contacting emergency services and providing translation support.

Frequently Asked Questions

A colorful illustration with three people and the letters "FAQ" representing a Frequently Asked Questions section

Is Tbilisi safe for tourists?

Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is generally considered safe for tourists. However, it's advisable to exercise caution, especially at night and in crowded areas, as petty crimes like pickpocketing can occur. Avoid carrying valuables and remain vigilant in your surroundings.

Is Tbilisi safe for solo female travelers?

Solo female travelers can feel relatively safe in Tbilisi, but it's recommended to take precautions. Dress modestly, avoid walking alone at night, and be cautious of unwanted attention. The local culture is generally respectful, but it's wise to be aware of your surroundings.

Is Tbilisi safe for families?

Tbilisi is a family-friendly destination with plenty of attractions and activities suitable for children. Parks, museums, and cultural sites offer educational experiences. However, be mindful of traffic and crowded areas, and ensure your accommodation caters to families.

Is Tbilisi LGBTQ+ friendly?

While same-sex relationships are legal in Georgia, the LGBTQ+ community still faces societal challenges and discrimination. Public displays of affection may attract unwanted attention. It's advisable to exercise discretion and research LGBTQ+-friendly establishments.

Do you need a visa to go to Tbilisi?

Citizens of many countries, including the United States, Canada, and the European Union, can visit Georgia visa-free for up to one year. However, it's essential to check the specific requirements for your nationality and ensure your passport is valid for the duration of your stay.

Can you drink tap water in Tbilisi?

Tap water in Tbilisi is generally safe to drink, but some visitors may prefer bottled water due to the chlorine taste. Restaurants and hotels typically serve filtered or bottled water. Avoid drinking from public fountains or untreated sources.

What is the currency in Tbilisi?

The official currency in Tbilisi is the Georgian Lari (GEL). While credit cards are accepted in major establishments, it's advisable to carry cash, especially for smaller purchases and in rural areas.

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